MariaDB is a fork of the MySQL database management system. The RDBMS offers data processing capabilities for both small and enterprise tasks.
This DBMS is an improved version of MySQL. It comes with numerous inbuilt powerful features and many usabilities, security and performance improvements that you cannot find in MySQL.
In this tutorial, you will learn,
- What is Maria DB?
- What is MySQL?
- MariaDB vs. MySQL
- Why use Maria DB?
- Why MYSQL?
- History of MariaDB
- History of MySQL
- Features of Maria DB
- Features of MySQL
- Disadvantages of MySQL
- Disadvantages of MariaDB
Developed in the mid-90s., MySQL was one of the first open-source database available in the market. Today there are many alternatives variants of MySQL. However, the differences between the variants are not significant as they use the same syntax, and basic functionality also remains the same.
MySQL is an RDBMS that helps you to keep the data that exists in a database organized. It is used with the combination of PHP and Apache Web Server, on top of a Linux distribution. MySQL uses the SQL language to query the database.
Here are a major difference between MariaDB and MySQL.
|Storage Engines||MariaDB has 12 new storage engines that you won't find in MySQL.||It has fewer options for storage compared to MariaDB.|
|Speed Improvements||MariaDB shows an improved speed when compared to MySQL.||MySQL exhibits a slower speed when compared to MariaDB.|
|Server operating systems||FreeBSD|
|Faster cache/indexes||With the Memory storage engine of MariaDB, an INSERT statement can be completed 24% faster than in the standard MySQL.||The memory storage engine of MySQL is slower compared to that MariaDB.|
|Larger and Faster Connection Pool||MariaDB comes with an advanced thread pool capable of running faster and supporting up to 200,000+ connections.||The thread pool provided by MySQL cannot support up to 200,000 connections per time.|
|Improved Replication||In MariaDB, replication can be done safer and faster. Updates can also be done 2x faster compared to the traditional MySQL.||MySQL's community edition allows a static number of threads to be connected. MySQL's enterprise plan comes with thread capabilities.|
|New Features/Extensions||MariaDB comes with new features and extensions including the JSON, WITH and KILL statements.||The new MariaDB features are not provided in MySQL.|
|Missing Features||MariaDB lacks some of the features provided by the MySQL enterprise edition. To address this, it offers alternative open-source plugins.||The Enterprise Edition of MySQL uses a proprietary code. Only users of MySQL Enterprise Edition have access to this.|
|Priority code||MariaDB doesn't allow access to this propriety content and is a closed source.||MySQL uses some proprietary code in its Enterprise Edition.|
|Routing||MariaDB MaxScale||Mysql Router|
|Secondary database model||Document store and Graph DBMS||Document store|
|Git hub stars||2.8 k||4k|
|Famous companies using||Nrise, Accenture, Docplanner, Grooveshark.||Airbnb, Uber Technogloeis, Netflix, Dropbox.|
Here, are pros/benefits of using Maria DB.
- It operates under GPL, BSD, or LGPL licenses.
- MariaDB supports a popular and standard querying language.
- It comes with many storage engines, including the high-performance ones that can be integrated with other relational database management systems.
- It offers the advance Galera cluster technology.
- MariaDB supports PHP, a popular language for web development.
There are several relational database management systems in the market. One may ask why we would choose MySQL over the other database management systems. The answer to this question depends on several factors.
- MySQL supports multiple storage engines each with its specifications while other systems like SQL server only support a single storage engine.
- MySQL has a high performance compared to other relational database systems. This is due to its simplicity in design and support for multiple-storage engines.
- 5.1, GA released by MariaDB foundation on February 2010
- November 2010 MariaDB 5.3
- February 2012 MariaDB 5.5
- April 2012 MariaDB Galera Cluster
- March 2013 MariaDB 10.0.10 (March 2014)
- MariaDB 10.1.8 (October 2015)
- Maria DB 10.2 8 April 2016
- Maria DB 10.3 16 April 2017
- First internal release version of MYSQL on 23 May 1995
- Version 3.20: January 1997
- Windows supported version was released on the year 1998 for Windows 95 and NT
- Version 3.23: beta from June 2000
- Version 4.0: beta from August 2002
- Version 4.01: beta from August 2003
- Version 4.1: beta from June 2004
- Version 5.0: beta from March 2005
- Acquired by Sun in 2008
- Version 5.1: 1 Feb 2010
- Version 5.5: 11 Apr 2012
- Version 10.0: 31 Mar 2014
- Version 10.1: 17 Oct 2015
- Version 10.2: 23 May 2017
- Version 10.3: 25 May 2018
Here are important features of Maria DB.
- Offers Backward Compatibility
- Open-source Software
- It is based on the MySQL Community Version
- New Storage Engine (PBXT, XtraDB, Maria, FederatedX)
- Percona Server (Based on MySQL Server, Other MySQL Fork Version)
Here are an important features of MySQL.
- Scalability and Flexibility
- High Performance
- High Availability
- Robust Transactional Support
- Web and Data Warehouse Strengths
Here, are cons/ drawback of using MySQL:
- It is hard to scale
- Oracle owns it, so it has lots of restrictions.
- MYSQL is not ideally suitable for large-sized data.
- It is Invisible from client applications.
- Triggers can impose a high load on the database server.
- The engine is still fairly new, so there's no guarantee further updates and versions will be forthcoming.
- As with many other free database engines, you have to pay for support.
- MariaDB has 12 new storage engines whereas MySQL has lesser storage engines.
- MariaDB has a larger connection pool supporting up to 200,000+ connections whereas MySQL has smaller connection pool.
- In MariaDB replication is faster whereas in MySQL replication is slower.
- MariaDB is Open Source whereas MySQL uses some proprietary code in its Enterprise Edition.
- MariaDB doesn’t support Data Masking and Dynamic column while MySQL supports it.
- Comparatively MariaDB is faster than MySQL.